## Week 1 Quiz - Recurrent Neural Networks
1. Suppose your training examples are sentences (sequences of words). Which of the following refers to the jth word in the ith training example?
- $x^{(i)\}$
> We index into the i-th row first to get the ith training example (represented by parentheses), then the j-th column to get the jth word (represented by the brackets).
2. Consider this RNN: This specific type of architecture is appropriate when:
- Tx = Ty
3. To which of these tasks would you apply a many-to-one RNN architecture? (Check all that apply).
- Sentiment classification (input a piece of text and output a 0/1 to denote positive or negative sentiment)
- Gender recognition from speech (input an audio clip and output a label indicating the speaker’s gender)
4. At the t-th time step, what is the RNN doing? Choose the best answer.
- Estimating $P(y^{}\∣y^{<1>},y^{<2>},\dots, y^{})$
5. You have finished training a language model RNN and are using it to sample random sentences, as follows: What are you doing at each time step t?
- (i) Use the probabilities output by the RNN to randomly sample a chosen word for that time-step as $y^{}$. (ii) Then pass this selected word to the next time-step.
6. You are training an RNN, and find that your weights and activations are all taking on the value of NaN (“Not a Number”). Which of these is the most likely cause of this problem?
- Exploding gradient problem.
7. Suppose you are training a LSTM. You have a 10000 word vocabulary, and are using an LSTM with 100-dimensional activations a. What is the dimension of Γu at each time step?
- 100
8. Here’re the update equations for the GRU. Alice proposes to simplify the GRU by always removing the Γu. I.e., setting Γu = 1. Betty proposes to simplify the GRU by removing the Γr. I. e., setting Γr = 1 always. Which of these models is more likely to work without vanishing gradient problems even when trained on very long input sequences?
- Betty’s model (removing Γr), because if Γu≈0 for a timestep, the gradient can propagate back through that timestep without much decay.
9. Here are the equations for the GRU and the LSTM: From these, we can see that the Update Gate and Forget Gate in the LSTM play a role similar to _______ and ______ in the GRU. What should go in the the blanks?
- Γu and 1−Γu
10. You have a pet dog whose mood is heavily dependent on the current and past few days’ weather. You’ve collected data for the past 365 days on the weather, which you represent as a sequence as x<1>,…,x<365>. You’ve also collected data on your dog’s mood, which you represent as y<1>,…,y<365>. You’d like to build a model to map from x→y. Should you use a Unidirectional RNN or Bidirectional RNN for this problem?
- Unidirectional RNN, because the value of y depends only on x<1>,…,x, but not on x,…,x<365>