The Sustainable Development Goals represent a data-driven, evidence-based approach to sustainable development (The CEOS Earth Observation Handbook Special 2018 Edition). The aim of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework is to end poverty, improve health and education, reduce inequality, design sustainable cities, support economic growth, tackle climate change and leave no one behind (Andries et al. 2022). The purpose of the Global Indicator Framework is to provide means by which to measure, monitor and report progress made in the implementation of the SDGs and their respective targets, for the follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Global Indicator Framework is designed around 232 SDG Indicators.
Earth Observation data is an essential tool in the development of the information required by many of the SDG Indicators given its cost-effectiveness pertaining to data acquisition on all scales and information richness. (The CEOS Earth Observation Handbook Special 2018 Edition), (Ferreira, B., Iten, M. & Silva, R.G. 2020).
Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) hosts data, services and Jupyter Notebooks that can be used to address real world problems and contribute to the Global Indicator Framework.
The notebooks linked below demonstrate how DE Africa data and services can be used to support Sustainable Development Goals.
Indicator 2.4.1 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture
Indicator 2.c.1 Indicator of food price anomalies
Indicator 6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
Indicator 6.6.1 Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time
The Okavango Use Case Notebooks:
The Monitoring Water Extent Use Case Notebooks:
Indicator 9.1.1 Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season
Indicator 11.1.1 Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing
Indicator 11.3.1 Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate
Indicator 11.7.1 Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
Indicator 13.1.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
Indicator 14.1.1 (a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density
Indicator 15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type
Indicator 15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area