In [ ]:
#r "nuget: FSharp.Formatting,15.0.2"


Embedding script output

For literate F# scripts, you may embed the result of running the script as part of the literate output. This is a feature of the functions discussed in literate programming and it is implemented using the F# Compiler service.

Including Console Output

To include the Console output use include-output:

let test = 40 + 2

printf "A result is: %d" test
(*** include-output ***)

The script defines a variable test and then prints it. The console output is included in the output.

To include the a formatted value use include-it:

[ 0 .. 99 ]

(*** include-it ***)

To include the meta output of F# Interactive processing such as type signatures use (*** include-fsi-output ***):

let test = 40 + 3

(*** include-fsi-output ***)

To include both console otuput and F# Interactive output blended use (*** include-fsi-merged-output ***).

let test = 40 + 4
(*** include-fsi-merged-output ***)

You can use the same commands with a named snippet:

(*** include-it: test ***)
(*** include-fsi-output: test ***)
(*** include-output: test ***)

You can use the include-value command to format a specific value:

let value1 = [ 0 .. 50 ]
let value2 = [ 51 .. 100 ]
(*** include-value: value1 ***)

Using AddPrinter and AddHtmlPrinter

You can use fsi.AddPrinter, fsi.AddPrintTransformer and fsi.AddHtmlPrinter to extend the formatting of objects.

Emitting Raw Text

To emit raw text in F# literate scripts use the following:

    (*** raw ***)
    Some raw text.

which would emit

In [ ]:
Some raw text.

directly into the document.

F# Formatting as a Library: Specifying the Evaluator and Formatting

If using F# Formatting as a library the embedding of F# output requires specifying an additional parameter to the parsing functions discussed in literate programming documentation. Assuming you have all the references in place, you can now create an instance of FsiEvaluator that represents a wrapper for F# interactive and pass it to all the functions that parse script files or process script files:

In [ ]:
open FSharp.Formatting.Literate
open FSharp.Formatting.Literate.Evaluation
open FSharp.Formatting.Markdown

// Sample literate content
let content =
let a = 10
(*** include-value:a ***)"""

// Create evaluator and parse script
let fsi = FsiEvaluator()

let doc = Literate.ParseScriptString(content, fsiEvaluator = fsi)


When the fsiEvaluator parameter is specified, the script is evaluated and so you can use additional commands such as include-value. When the evaluator is not specified, it is not created automatically and so the functionality is not available (this way, you won't accidentally run unexpected code!)

If you specify the fsiEvaluator parameter, but don't want a specific snippet to be evaluated (because it might throw an exception, for example), you can use the (*** do-not-eval ***) command.

The constructor of FsiEvaluator takes command line parameters for fsi.exe that can be used to specify, for example, defined symbols and other attributes for F# Interactive.

You can also subscribe to the EvaluationFailed event which is fired whenever the evaluation of an expression fails. You can use that to do tests that verify that all off the code in your documentation executes without errors.

F# Formatting as a Library: Custom formatting functions

As mentioned earlier, values are formatted using a simple "%A" formatter by default. However, you can specify a formatting function that provides a nicer formatting for values of certain types. For example, let's say that we would want to format F# lists such as [1; 2; 3] as HTML ordered lists <ol>.

This can be done by calling FsiEvaluator.RegisterTransformation on the FsiEvaluator instance:

In [ ]:
// Create evaluator & register simple formatter for lists
let fsiEvaluator = FsiEvaluator()

fsiEvaluator.RegisterTransformation(fun (o, ty, _executionCount) ->
    // If the type of value is an F# list, format it nicely
    if ty.IsGenericType
       && ty.GetGenericTypeDefinition() = typedefof<list<_>> then
        let items =
            // Get items as objects and create paragraph for each item
            [ for it in Seq.cast<obj> (unbox o) -> [ Paragraph([ Literal(it.ToString(), None) ], None) ] ]
        // Return option value (success) with ordered list
        Some [ ListBlock(MarkdownListKind.Ordered, items, None) ]

The function is called with two arguments - o is the value to be formatted and ty is the static type of the value (as inferred by the F# compiler). The sample checks that the type of the value is a list (containing values of any type) and then it casts all values in the list to obj (for simplicity). Then we generate Markdown blocks representing an ordered list. This means that the code will work for both LaTeX and HTML formatting - but if you only need one, you can simply produce HTML and embed it in InlineHtmlBlock.

To use the new FsiEvaluator, we can use the same style as earlier. This time, we format a simple list containing strings:

In [ ]:
let listy =
### Formatting demo
let test = ["one";"two";"three"]
(*** include-value:test ***)"""

let docOl = Literate.ParseScriptString(listy, fsiEvaluator = fsiEvaluator)


The resulting HTML formatting of the document contains the snippet that defines test, followed by a nicely formatted ordered list:

In [ ]:
<h3>Formatting demo</h3>
<table class="pre"><tr><td class="lines"><pre class="fssnip">
<span class="l">1: </span>
<td class="snippet"><pre class="fssnip">
<span class="k">let</span> <spanclass="i">test</span> <span class="o">=</span> [<span class="s">&quot;</span><span class="s">one</span><span class="s">&quot;</span>;<span class="s">&quot;</span><span class="s">two</span><span class="s">&quot;</span>;<span class="s">&quot;</span><span class="s">three</span><span class="s">&quot;</span>]</pre>