# Pyroot 0 0 6_Tcontext_Context_Manager¶

This tutorial demonstrates the usage of the TContext class as a Python context manager. This functionality is related with how TFile works, so it is suggested to also take a look at the pyroot005 tutorial.

This notebook tutorial was automatically generated with ROOTBOOK-izer from the macro found in the ROOT repository on Thursday, June 30, 2022 at 08:55 AM.

In [1]:
import os

import ROOT
from ROOT import TDirectory, TFile

Welcome to JupyROOT 6.27/01


Sometimes it is useful to have multiple open files at once. In such cases, the current directory will always be the file that was open last.

In [2]:
file_1 = TFile("pyroot006_file_1.root", "recreate")
file_2 = TFile("pyroot006_file_2.root", "recreate")
print("Current directory: '{}'.\n".format(ROOT.gDirectory.GetName()))

Current directory: 'pyroot006_file_2.root'.



Changing directory into another file can be safely done through a TContext context manager.

In [3]:
with TDirectory.TContext(file_1):
# Inside the statement, the current directory is file_1
print("Current directory: '{}'.\n".format(ROOT.gDirectory.GetName()))
histo_1 = ROOT.TH1F("histo_1", "histo_1", 10, 0, 10)
file_1.WriteObject(histo_1, "my_histogram")

Current directory: 'pyroot006_file_1.root'.



After the context, the current directory is restored back to file_2. Also, the two files are kept open. This means that objects read, written or modified inside the context are still available afterwards.

In [4]:
print("Current directory: '{}'.\n".format(ROOT.gDirectory.GetName()))
if file_1.IsOpen() and file_2.IsOpen():
print("'{}' and '{}' are open.\n".format(file_1.GetName(), file_2.GetName()))

Current directory: 'pyroot006_file_2.root'.

'pyroot006_file_1.root' and 'pyroot006_file_2.root' are open.



TContext and TFile context managers can also be used in conjunction, allowing for safely:

• Opening a file, creating, modifying, writing and reading objects in it.
• Closing the file, storing it on disk.
• Restoring the previous value of gDirectory to the latest file opened before this context, rather than to the global ROOT.gROOT Remember that the TContext must be initialized before the TFile, otherwise the current directory would already be set to the file opened for this context.
In [5]:
with TDirectory.TContext(), TFile("pyroot006_file_3.root", "recreate") as f:
print("Current directory: '{}'.\n".format(ROOT.gDirectory.GetName()))
histo_2 = ROOT.TH1F("histo_2", "histo_2", 10, 0, 10)
f.WriteObject(histo_2, "another_histogram")

print("Current directory: '{}'.\n".format(ROOT.gDirectory.GetName()))

Current directory: 'pyroot006_file_3.root'.

Current directory: 'pyroot006_file_2.root'.



Cleanup the files created for this tutorial

In [6]:
file_1.Close();
file_2.Close();
for i in range(1, 4):
os.remove("pyroot006_file_{}.root".format(i))